A resource pack for careers education and information, advice and guidance practitioners: Chapters 1 & 2.
Introduction: The importance of STEM and the contribution of careers education and IAG
The future prosperity of the UK is, to a large extent, dependent on young people choosing STEM-related subjects. Science, technology, engineering and maths ( STEM) subjects are vital to the country’s economic and social development. The role of STEM skills is to help improve the quality of people’s everyday lives and find solutions to global challenges, such as sustainable economic development.
CEIAG Professionals’ Guide: Current and Future Trends & the International Perspective
The CBI Education and Skills Survey of 2008 states 59% of employers recruiting STEM staff are experiencing skills shortages. Between 1997 and 2007 there was a decline by 15% in the number of students graduating in technology and engineering subjects and that, as a result, employers are increasingly looking overseas to fill the shortfall. The CBI predicts that by 2014 the UK will need an extra 730,000 people with STEM qualifications compared to 2007. Some examples of growth areas include:
- Health & Medical Services for an ageing population
- Climate Change/ Energy
- Nanotechnology (e.g. developing light & immensely strong materials for use in telecommunications, aviation)
- Space technology (e.g. developing satellites for global positioning systems, telecommunications)
- Civil & water engineering (e.g. designing flood defenses, desalinisation plants)